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Vehicle Sales - Private Party, Family Sales & Gifts

Laws You Should Know

Car for sale

It is illegal to sell a vehicle on an empty lot in most circumstances. The DMV recommends private party sales be completed at a residence. Buyers may wish to check the seller's ID.

Subleasing and "take over payments" arrangements are illegal. Any loan or lien on a vehicle must be satisfied before it can be sold.

It is illegal to sell more than three personally-owned vehicles per year without a dealer's license.

Salvage vehicles should be rebuilt, inspected and titled as Rebuilt before being sold to a private party. A vehicle that has been issued a salvage title may not be sold or registered in Nevada until it has been repaired and inspected.

Selling A Vehicle

Family sales and gifts are handled exactly the same as a private party sale. There are no special requirements or forms.

Keep Your License Plates

Nevada law requires you to keep your plates and either use them on another vehicle or turn them in for cancellation within 30 days of the sale. See Plate Surrender/Registration Fee Refunds.

If you wish to transfer the plates to the buyer, for example a classic car, you may complete a License Plate Release (SP 67). Please note that registration fee credits will not transfer to the buyer.

If you have left the plates on a vehicle you sold, you may complete a Lost, Stolen or Mutilated License Plate Affidavit (VP 202). This must be notarized or signed in person at the DMV.

Seller Responsibilities

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Sellers should:

You must provide a properly signed-off title to the buyer in private party sales, family sales or gifts. Any loan or other lien must be satisfied first.

If you do not have a title, you (or the owner of record) will have to apply for a duplicate from the state where the vehicle was last titled.

The only exception is if the vehicle was 1) last titled in Nevada, 2) is more than 9 model years old and 3) has no liens or the owner of record has a lien release, the buyer and owner of record can then complete 1) an Application for Duplicate Title (VP 012) and 2) a Bill of Sale to transfer ownership. If the vehicle is 9 model years old or newer, you must obtain an actual title to comply with federal odometer disclosure laws.

The buyer is responsible for emissions inspections in Nevada and for obtaining insurance and a movement permit to legally drive the vehicle on public streets.

The Bill of Sale and Online Sale Notification are your proof that you sold the vehicle. This is particularly important in case the vehicle is abandoned at a later date. If you complete the online notification, the new owner's information you enter will be provided to wreckers and tow car operators in the event the vehicle is abandoned. NRS 706.4477 states it is presumed the registered owner of a vehicle is solely responsible for the cost of removal and storage for the vehicle if abandoned.

Buying A Vehicle

Nevada Title

Title

If you are buying a vehicle from a private party or receiving a vehicle as a gift, you must have a properly signed-off title to register the vehicle and transfer ownership. A Bill of Sale by itself is not acceptable. If the seller does not have a title, the owner of record will have to apply for a duplicate from the state where the vehicle was last titled.

Loans or Liens

If the seller has a loan or lease on the vehicle, this must be satisfied and the lienholder or lessor must deliver the title before the vehicle can be sold. This can be a lengthy process if the title has been misplaced or is being held by an out-of-state lender or lessor. Subleasing and "take over payments" arrangements are illegal.

If there is a private arrangement for payments or the seller wishes to retain an interest in the vehicle for any reason, the seller may become a lienholder on the vehicle by completing the lienholder section of the title.

If the buyer is obtaining outside financing, most financial institutions will require the title. The institution will submit the title to DMV, become a lienholder and receive the new title. In this case, the security agreement from a licensed financial institution can take the place of a title for registration.

History Checks

Use the Vehicle Identification Number to query the following services. There are also any number of commercial services available.

Movement Permits

The seller must keep his or her license plates.

The buyer must obtain insurance and a movement permit to drive the vehicle on public streets. Present the signed-off title or other proof of ownership at a DMV office for a movement permit.

Registration

The buyer must register the vehicle at a DMV office within 30 days.

If the vehicle has never been registered or titled in Nevada, you must have a VIN inspection completed at the DMV. At larger offices, drive to the Inspection Station outside the main office first. You may also have a law enforcement officer complete the Vehicle Inspection Certificate (VP 015).

Use our Online Registration Fee Estimate. This is an estimate only. Total fees will be higher due to a $28.25 title fee, license plate fees and miscellaneous charges. DMV field offices accept cash, checks, money orders for the exact amount, Visa, MasterCard and Discover.

You must have the following documents to register and title the vehicle:

You must obtain liability insurance from a Nevada-licensed carrier in the exact name(s) which will be on the registration and title. The effective date of the policy must be equal or previous to the registration date. Coverage is verified electronically with your insurance company.

Motorists who do not maintain Nevada liability insurance are subject to a registration suspension, reinstatement fee/fine, possible SR22 requirement and driver’s license suspension.

Out-of-state insurance is not accepted. See Vehicle Insurance Requirements. You must present a Nevada Evidence of Insurance card at registration and carry one in your vehicle at all times.

Emissions tests must be dated within the past 90 days.

A third party may register the vehicle for you. The Application for Vehicle Registration (VP 222) must be signed by the owner or the third party may present a completed Power of Attorney (VP 136). A General Power of Attorney will be accepted but it must be notarized and be an original or certified copy.

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Sales Taxes

Sales taxes are not collected on private party vehicle sales that occurred on or after January 1, 2006. On private sales in 2005 or earlier, sales taxes were paid to DMV based either on the depreciated Manufacturers Suggested Retail Price (MSRP) or a vehicle appraisal.

Vehicle Title

The new title will be mailed to the registered owner, or if there is a lienholder, it will be mailed to the lienholder. The lienholder must properly endorse the title and deliver it to the registered owner once the lien has been satisfied. You may request expedited title processing using the VP 265 form. Expedited processing is optional.

Application for Expedited Processing/Shipping of Nevada Title (VP 265)  New!
To expedite the processing and/or shipping of your title for additional fee(s).

Tips

Registration and Glovebox

The vehicle registration gives you the right to drive the car or truck on public highways. The Certificate of Registration and your Nevada Evidence of Insurance must be kept in the vehicle.

The vehicle title shows ownership. It should be stored with your other important papers and not kept in the vehicle.